are no development facilities as trails or campsites. This
area attracts campers preferring to bush-whack or camping in the
Other Regions: IAATAP maintains a full directory of
Camping. To explore nearby camping areas,
DEC regulation requires that groups of ten or more
persons camping on state land obtain a permit from a
forest ranger. DEC policy prohibits issuing group
camping permits to groups wanting to camp on forest
preserve lands in the Adirondacks that are
classified as wilderness, primitive or canoe area.
This policy was developed to protect natural
resources, the primeval character of the area and
exceptional wilderness experiences for all
recreationists, and follows Leave No Trace
practices. Except for the eastern High Peaks
Wilderness, Pharaoh Lake Wilderness and the William
C. Whitney Wilderness, where the group size is 8,
camping groups in wilderness, primitive and canoe
area lands are limited to 9 people or less.
Adirondacks is rich in bird life. Visit our
Directory when you have time. The
Jay Wilderness is home to 72 species. The game birds of this
region include Turkey, Ruffed Grouse, Woodcock, as well as a
variety of waterfowl which are common in the wetlands. By the NY State's
Unit Management Plan, the following species are under study, we have
summarized their findings below. The reintroduction of the
Peregrine Falcon and Bald Eagle have been relatively successful; but
we appreciate your "do not disturb" efforts when spotting these
beautiful creatures. The Adirondack Subalpine Forest Bird
Conservation covers all summits above 2800' as to be protected for a
distinctive bird community (including the Bicknell's Thrush,
Blackpoll Warbler and Swainson's Thursh).
Songbirds are diverse
in the deciduous and mixed forest. Ovenbird, red-eye Vireo,
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Black & White Warbler,, Wood Thrush, Black
capped Chickadee, Blue Jay, Downy and the Pileated Woodpeckers,
Brown Creeper, Blue Warbler are among the song birds. Bird of
prey common to the region are Barred Owl, Great Horned Owl, Easter
Screech Owl, Northern Goshawk, Red-tailed Hawk, Sharp-shinned Hawk
and the Broad-wing Hawk.
(Pictures and links
provided by Wikipedia) The endangered birds in the Jay
Wilderness Primitive Forest are:
Thrush utilizes fir waves and natural disturbances as
well as edges of ski slopes. They breed in the Adirondacks at
elevations greater than 2800 ft. The species is most
common on the highest ridges of the Adirondacks, preferring young or
stunted dense stands of balsam fir up to 9 ft. in height.
Falcon (Falco peregrinus)
In 1974 New York initiated a program to reintroduce
Peregrine Falcon in the state. Peregrines were successfully
hacked in the Adirondack Park with the release of the first birds in
1981. It is possible that Peregrines are utilizing the Siamese Pond
Wilderness for nesting. Three basic requirements nesting
Peregrine Falcons include open country for hunting, sufficient food
resources of avian species, and steep, rocky cliff faces for
nesting. The falcons typically nest 50 to 200 feet off the ground
near bodies of water. Nesting sites for Peregrines usually include a
partially-vegetated ledge large enough for it young to move about.
The nest is a well-rounded shape that is sometimes lined with grass,
usually sheltered by an overhang. Sometimes Peregrines may nest in
old Common Raven nests. Human disturbance of a
breeding pair may result in nest abandonment! "DO NOT DISTURB"
please! Climbers, not it is illegal to climb during their
breeding season, and breeders will attack. To report a
falcon signings please contact NYSDEC Region 5, Bureau of Wildlife,
P.O. Box 296, Ray Brook, New York 12977, 518-897-1291.
Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
The bald eagle is currently listed as a threatened
species by the federal government and New York. Buckhorn Mountain is
believed to have been a center of eagle activity prior to 1970,
although no nest sites had been confirmed. Bald eagles are sensitive
to human disturbance; so if you are fortunate to see one, please "Do
Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
The golden eagle is a species once
found in the Adirondacks. The last successful nest in New York
State was recorded in 1970. Golden Eagles have nested at
elevations between 1,500 and 2,600 ft; however, surveys conducted by
the New York Habitat Inventory Unit, open habitat suitable for
Golden Eagles has decreased at all but one historical site.
The Goshawk prefer dense tall trees with
partial canopy for cover to nest. A typical place for
their nest would be in the crotch of a tree.
- These woodpeckers
utilize both wetlands (swamps, beaver impoundments) and uplands
(pastures and roadsides). Then nest in dead limbs of live
trees, poles, fences and roofs.
- These hawks prefer open or
young woodlands that support a large diversity of avian prey.
They use mixed conifer-deciduous forest for nesting.
- The Red-Shoulder Hawk breed
mostly in hardwood forested wetlands in cool, moist lowland
forest. They forage in the same areas as well
ass dryer woodland clearings.
- These birds select open
woodlands; they nest on the ground in dry sparse areas.
They use leaf litter to conceal their nest.
Wild Species of
Eastern Cougar, wolf and fisher inhabited the Adirondacks prior
to European settlement. These species have declined or
extirpated from the Park. The Canada Lynx restoration
effort failed. The Lynx is now legally protected.
The wolf and Eastern Cougar are considered extirpated; but some
reports are most likely a hybrid of red wolf and coyote.
Spotted Salamander have two rows of yellowish orange spots that
run along the back side. They make their home in hardwood
forest area and spend most of its time below the surface, under
leaves or burrows; and use nearby ponds for breeding in the
Spring. They have poison glands around their back and
neck, to release as protection against their predators.
This toxin is harmless to humans. They are nocturnal
Canadian Lynx is more like a bobcat,
and twice the size of a domestic cat. The lynx are secretive
and mostly nocturnal animal. They hunt in deep snow cover and
higher altitudes. They roam 1 to 3 miles a day.
The wood turtle is found in well oxygenated
good quality streams with sandy-pebbly substrates that are deep
enough so that they do not freeze during hibernation Ideal
habitat includes dense alder swamp and forested wetland habitat
bordering the streams where the turtles can bask and have
protection from predators. Wood turtles forge for fungi
and vegetation. Wood turtles select both slopes and level
sandy open areas for nest sites. They are listed as species of
interest because of the long maturity rate (15 years) and high
The Jefferson salamander is listed by New York
State as species of special concern and believed to exist in the
Siamese Pond Wilderness. The salamanders require pools
that remain deep long enough to complete their metamorphosis
which takes approximately 1-2 weeks. They use the forested
habitat used during the remainder of the year.
The Jay Wilderness lacks ponds.
The Ausable and Boquet River systems run through the Jay Wilderness
and portions of these rivers are stocked with landlocked Salmon,
brown and brook trout. Visit the
DEC's Public Fishing Guide for best
areas of fishing on the Boquet or our
Directory for more information.
& paddling into the
region for weeks of hunting. The game species found in
the Jay Wilderness are mainly white-tailed deer and black
bear. The Jay Wilderness is free and relatively
unregulated. Small game hunting may take certain
waterfowl, woodcock, snipe, rail, crow, ruffed grouse, wild
turkey, coyote, bobcat, raccoon, red or gray fox, weasel,
skunk, varying hair, cottontail rabbit, gray squirrel,
muskrat, beaver, weasel, river otter, mink, fisher, and
backcountry acreage is enormous and the Adirondacks has the largest
trail system in the nation with more than 2,000 miles. Enjoy
the glory of hiking the Adirondacks, nature's solitude, unbroken
forest, lakes and mountains and take the path less taken.
Focus on your senses. Visit our
Adirondack Hiking Guide.
The Jay Mountain Wilderness is, for the most part, trail-less and
requires bush whacking.
The tallest mountain in the
Jay Wilderness region is
with an elevation of 4,515'.
The only trail is a herd path leading to the summit. This trail is
unmarked and un-maintained by the state. Access by
vehicle can be along they Jay Mountain/Wills Hill Road - a little
used forest road (4x4 recommended). The road is not maintained
in the winter, but open to snowmobiling. In addition, Seventy
Road in Lewis offers vehicle access and passable by most cars.
Again, the road is not maintained in the winter.
For future references, the DEC trail classification system is outlined in
the Forest Preserve Policy Manual. This classification system
recognizes four trail classifications as outlined below:
Distinguishable: Minimal biological or physical impacts,
slight loss of vegetation and/or minimal disturbance of
Impacts: Tail obvious, slight loss of vegetation cover
and/or organic litter pulverized in primary use areas,
muddy spots or tree roots, or water action evident.
Impacts: Vegetation cover and/or organic littler
pulverized within the center of the tread, exposed rocks
and trees or small mud holes, but little evidence of
widening beyond the maintained width of the trail.
Impacts: Near complete or total loss of vegetation cover
and organic litter, rocks or tree roots exposed and
roots damaged, or ruts more than 20cm (7.8 inches) deep,
or widening caused by muddy areas or water action
Extensive Impacts: Trail to bedrock or other substrate,
or tree roots badly damaged, or some ruts more than 50
cm (19.5 inches) deep or large areas (over 50%) of bank
erosion, or mud holes so extensive that the trail is
outside of its maintained width.
Motorized Equipment in Wilderness, Primitive and Canoe Areas:
DEC has adopted a regulation prohibiting the use of motorized
equipment in lands classified as wilderness, primitive or canoe.
Public use of small personal electronic or mechanical devices such
as cameras, radios or GPS receivers are not affected by this new
Ponds & Bogs
The Jay Wilderness has
no ponds, but several beaver flows, including the Merriam Swamp.
The ponds are most likely fishless. There are 41 identified
wetlands covering 82 acres. Merriam Swamp is 11 acres.
Spruce Mill Brook, Derby Brook, Hale Brook and Rocky Branch
contribute to the wetlands.
Adirondack Mountain Club
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Regulation/Backcountry Law Enforcement
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