Adirondack Basins - The Mighty Hudson of the North Country

Study and report by Alan Miller 




The Hudson River is a 315 mile watercourse (14,000 sq. miles) that originates at the confluence of Indian Pass Brook and Calamity Brook near the outlet of Henderson Lake in Newcomb, NY, and flows through the Adirondacks on its way to the Atlantic Ocean.  The official hydrologic source of the Hudson is the Lake Tear of the Clouds.  The lower half of the river is a tidal estuary.  It is estimated to be between 26 and 13,300 years old. There are about 7,140 miles of rivers and streams (and canal) and over 700 lakes and ponds in the basin.


The river was named after Henry Hudson, an Englishman sailing for the Dutch East India Company who explored it in 1609.    To the Iroquis, the river was called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuck, the Great Mohegan.  Also known as the Muhheakantuck by the Lepane tribe who inhabited the banks of the lower portion (now NJ and Manhattan).  To them, the meaning ‘river that flows two ways’.

Starting at the Lake tear of the Clouds, the Hudson is feed by the Adirondacks through numerous ponds, lakes and streams.  The Hudson is joined by the Mohawk River  emptying into the Hudson (another major tributary) and passes through the Catskills and Taconic Mountains, widening significant at the Tappan Zee, to finally flowing between Manhattan Island and NJ Palisades into the Atlantic Ocean.

The Hudson has been political boundaries between NJ and NY and further north separating counties (Essex County).   Counties include Essex, Hamilton, Warren, Saratoga, Washington, Rensselear, Greene, Albany, Columbia, Ulster, Dutchess, Orange, Ulster, Putnam, Rockland, Westchester, Bergen, Hudson, Bronx and New York



The Hudson Through the AdirondacksThe Hudson Watershed by DEC

Many of the ponds are too small, but 219 significant* lake, pond and reservoir water body segments (covering 76,940 acres) are included in the Upper Hudson Basin. The lower 80 miles of the Upper Hudson River supports larger recreational boats.  Click here for entire DEC list.  



  • Most of Saratoga, Washington and Warren Counties,
  • Much of Essex and Hamilton Counties, and
  • Portions of northern Rensselaer and northeastern Fulton Counties.


  • 4,620 square miles of land area within New York State

Rivers and Streams:

7,140 miles of freshwater rivers and streams. Major tributary include*:

  • Sacandaga River (1,740 river/stream miles)
  • Schroon River (822 miles)
  • Fish Creek (551 miles)
  • Hoosic River (533 miles)

  • Batten Kill (334 miles)

Lakes, Ponds and Reservoirs:


229 significant freshwater lakes, ponds, and reservoirs (76,940 acres), including:

  • Great Sacandaga Lake (26,800 lake/reservoir acres)

  • Indian Lake (4,465 acres)

  • Schroon Lake (4,130 acres)

  • Saratoga Lake (4,030 acres)

The Hudson flows through ....

All of Warren County have portions of land than drain into the Upper Hudson River.   

Bolton – the town of Bolton has 15% of its land in the watershed. Alder Brook (which originates in Horicon) is a significant stream to drains to the Schroon River then onward to the Hudson.

Chester -  all of this town is within the watershed.  The prominent area begins with one small stream on the side of Round Top Mountain which flows into Loon Lake, continues to the outlet of Friends Lake and together form Chester Creek.   The creek forms Faxon Pond, and then merges with the drainage of Tripp Lake and numerous ponds and wetlands until it all joins up to Schroon River below the Starbuckvile Dam. 

Glens Falls – Sixty percent of the city is within the watershed.  Numerous streams flow into the river and the Glens Falls feeder canal (which conveys the water to the Champlain Canal before flowing into the Hudson). 

Hague – 16% of the town contributes to the Hudson via the Swede Pond on the slope of Graphite Mountain.  Swede Brook merges with the Spuytenduivel.  Together these waterways make up a large portion of the headwater for Brant Lake. 

Horicon – a bit 91% of Horicon’s water ways eventually flow into the Hudson River, Schroon Lake, valentine Pond, Brant Lake and other water bodies dotted throughout the town.   Mill Creek is one that runs from the dam to Schroon River, completing the movement of water started in Hague. 

Johnsburg – This town is geographically the largest town in Warren County and is entirely in the Hudson River watershed.    Streams flow into the Hudson River, Mill Creek and North Creek.   The Siamese Pond Wilderness begins the East Branch of the Sacandaga River form.  The Great Sacandaga water esters the Hudson River at the boundary of Hudson and Lake Luzerne. 

Lake George – Beaver Pond  drains to the Hudson and situated south of Dickinson  Hill Road.  This pond drains to beaver ponds and wetlands, crossing under the East Schroon River road and slowly into the Schroon River.   18% of waterways from Lake George drain into the Hudson River. 

Queensbury – much of the unnamed streams and wetlands flow directly into the Hudson River.  Clendon Brook, which is formed from the outlet of Keenan Supply Reservoir, flows south through Luzerne Mountain Range.  Many other streams come from the mountains which adds to Clendon Brook and flows into the Hudson River. 

Stony Creek – this town has all of its land in the Hudson River Watershed.  Stony Creek, drains nearly 50% of its water to the Hudson.  The water sources that form Stony Creek are Lens Lake, Roaring Branch, Smears Creek, Willis Creek, and Kenyontown Creek.  Stony Creek merges into the Hudson by the old Stony Creek Station on Warrensburg Road. 

Thurman -  Thurman is abundant with lakes, ponds and streams which contribute to the Hudson River.  All drain into the Hudson; examples of some are Daggat Lake, Burch Brook, Patterson Brook, Bear Pond and many others.   

Warrensburg – 90% of the towns water flow to the Mighty Hudson.  Kellum Pond, Forest Lake, Tripp Lake, Echo Lake and Schroon River, all merge into the Hudson River.   Cataract Brook  om Route 9, merges with Ben Wood Brook to help form Pack Forest Lake.  The outlet flows into Millngton Brook and on the way to the Hudson.

Alligator Pond, Andrew Pond, Big Brook (upper and its streams), Bolster Creek and its streams, Brant Lake, Brant Lake Outlet and its streams, Bullhead Pond, St. Johns Lake, Burnt Pond, Crystal Lake, Chatiemac Lake, Ross/Windover Lake, Chester Creek and its streams, Faxon Pond, Forest Lake, Fourth Lake, Friends Lake, Garnet Lake, Glen Creek and its streams, Harrisburg Lake, Lake Forest, Lake Luzerne and its minor lakes and streams, Lake Vanare, Lens Lake, Little, Wolf, Coon and Number Nine Ponds, Lixard Pond, Loon Lake, Mill Creek and its streams, minor lakes and streams to Brant Lake and the Upper Hudson River, streams to the Upper Hudson River, North Creek (lower and its streams), Pack Forest Lake, Patterson Creek and its streams, Schroon Lake, Schroon River (lower and its streams), Second Lake, Sherman Pond, Smith and Densmore Ponds, Spuytenduivel Brook and its streams, Stewart Brook and its streams, Stones Pond, Stony Creek and its streams, Streeter Pond, Sullivan and Palmer Ponds, Mt Spring Lake, Thirteenth Brook and its streams, Thirteenth Lake, Towns Brook and its streams, Tripp Pond, Trout Brook (lower and its streams), Valentine Pond, Warner Pond, Wilcox,  and New Lakes.


Essex County and the Hudson River


The Hudson River originates at Lake Tear of the Cloud, and the confluence of Indian Pass Brook and Calamity Brook near the outlet of Henderson Lake in Newcomb, NY, and flows.  Other watersheds for the Hudson include:

Alder Creek and its streams, Crane Ponds, Arbutus Lake, Balfour Lake, Beaver Flow, Big Pond, Boreas River and its streams, Bullet Pond, Cedar River (lower and its streams) Cheney Pond, Clear Pond, Deadwater Pond, Deer Pond, Eagle Lake, Elk Lake, Fifth Lake, First Lake, Flowed Land Pond, Goodnow Flowage, Goodnow Pond, Goose Pond, Gooseneck Pond, Hammond Pond, Harris Lake, Hatching Pond, Henderson Lake, Hewitt Pond, Horseshoe Pond, Huntley Pond, Johnson Pond, Makomis Pond, Middle Boreas Pond, Mill Brook and its streams, Minerva Lake and Minerva Stream, Mink Pond, minor streams to Paradox Creek and Schroon Lake, Paradox Lake, Schroon Lake, minor streams to the Upper Hudson River, Moose Mt Pond, Moss Ponds, Muller and Bigsby Ponds, New Pond, Newcomb Lake, North Pond, Opalescent River and its streams, Perch Pond, Pharaoh Lake, Pine Pond, Pyramid Lake, Rich Lake, Rock Pond, Sand Pond, Sanford Lake, Schroon River (upper, and its streams), Split Rock Pond, Stony Pond, The Branch, Third Lake, Thurman Pond, streams to Harris/Rich Lakes, Trout Brook (upper, and its streams), Trout Pond, Upper Hudson (upper, and and its minor streams), Whortleberry Pond, Wolf Pond, Wolf Pond, Zack Pond.


Fulton County and the Hudson River


Anthony Creek, Archer Vly, Bill Pond/Lake Nancy, Cadman Creek, Chase Lake, Mud Lake, Frenchman Creek, Hans Creek, Lower Creek, Holmes Lake. Jackson Summit/Cameron Reservoirs, Kennyetto Creek, Upper and Lower Kennyetto Creek, Kennyetto Creek, Lake Desolation, Mayfield Creek, Minor Streams to Great Sacandaga,  Racker Vly, Rice and Port Reservoirs, Sacandaga Park Reservoir, streams to Mayfield Creek, West Stony Creek, and Woodward Lake.



Hamilton County and the Hudson River


Abanakee Lake, Beaver Pond, Bennett/Middle Lakes, Big Bad Luck Pond, Big Brook, Catlin Lake, Long Lake, Cedar Lake, Cedar River and Cedar River Flow, Charley Lake, Corner Pond, Countyline Flow, Crotched Pond, Dunning Lake, East Branch Sacandaga River and its streams, East Stony Creek, Echo Lake, Elm Lake, Fawn Lake, Gilman Lake, Hamilton Lake, Sand Lake, Indian Lake, Indian River and minor streams Jessup River and its streams, Kennels Pond, Kings Flow, Kunjamuk River and its streams, Lake Adirondack, Lake Algonquin, Lake Durant, Lake Francis, Lake Pleasant , Lewey Lake, Mason Lake, streams to the Cedar River and  Indian River/Lake, small lakes in East Branch of the Sacandaga the Upper.Sacandaga River, small lakes in the Upper West Branch of the Sacandaga, small streams to Indian Lake and to the Upper Sacandaga River, Mud Lake, Bck Pond, Chartreuse Lake, Murphy Lake, Willis Lake, North Branch West Stony Creek and its streams, Owl Pond, Oxbow Lake, Pickwacket Pond, Pine Lake, Piseco Lake and Piseco Lake Out with its streams, Rock Lake and Rock Pond, Round Pond, Round Pond, Sacandaga Lake, Sacandaga River (Upper and Main stem), Sand Lake, Second Pond, Silver Lake, Sprague Pond, Spy Lake, Stephens Pond, Tirrell Pond, streams to ake Pleasant and Piseco Lakes, West Branch Sacandaga  (Upper and  Lower streams), West Stony Creek, Whitaker Lake, Woods Lake.



Saratoga County and the Hudson River


Anthony Kill and its streams, Ballston Creek and Ballston Lake, Beecher Creek and its streams, Bell Brook Pond, Black Pond, Bog Meadow Brook  (upper, and its streams), Bullhead Pond, Camp Saratoga Pond, Carp Pond, Cook Reservoir, Daly Creek and its streams, Davignon Pond, Dwaas Kill and its streams, Efner and Jenny and Hunt Lakes, Fish Creek (lower and upper with their streams),  Geyser Brook and its streams, Glowegee Creek and its streams, Granite Pond, Grant Lake, Great Sacandaga Lake and its streams to and from, Hans Creek (upper, and its streams), Ireland Vly, John Mack Pond, Kayaderosseras Creek (upper/lower and its streams), Lake Bonita, Lake Elizabeth, Lake Lonely, Little Round Lake, Loughberry Lake, Lower Sacandaga River, Mechanicville Reservoir, Middle Flow, Livingston Lake, Miner Mill Vly, Johnnycake Lower Fly, Shew Pond,  Round Lakes and its streams, streams to Saratoga Lake, minor streams to the Upper Hudson, Moreau Lake, Mourning Kill and its streams, Mulleyville Pond, North Branch Snook Kill and its streams, Northville Lake, Old Pond, Rice Pond, Palmer Lake, Paul Creek and its streams, Plum Brook (upper and its streams), Sand Creek and its streams,  Sand Lake, Saratoga Lake,  Schuyler Creek and its streams, Snook Kill  (lower and its streams), Snook Kill (upper and its streams), Steele Reservoir, Stewarts Bridge Reservoir, Sturdevant Creek (upper and its streams), Tenant Lake, streams to Ballston Lake and Lake Lonely, streams to Loughberry Lake and Glens Falls water supply, the Upper Hudson main stems, Woodland Lake.



Washington County and the Hudson River


Barkley Pond, Batten Kill (lower, and its minor streams), Batten Kill (middle, upper, lower  and minor streams), Black Creek and its streams, Carter Pond, Chamberlin Mills Pond, Champlain Canal, Cossayuna Lake, Fly Creek and its streams, Halls Pond, Hedges Lake, Clark Pond, Keenan Reservoir, Lake Lauderdale and Schoolhouse Lake, Little White Creek (upper, and its streams), McDougall Lake,  Moses Kill and its streams, Mud Pond, Owl Kill and its minor streams, Scott Lake, Smith Pond, Summit Lake, streams to Hudson Falls water supply reservoir, the Upper Hudson main stem and its small streams.




As you can understand the "Mighty" of this water basin.   Above are the majority of the ponds, rivers and lacks in the Park.  However, remember Rennesslaer County isn't in the Park and not included within this report



Resources First Wilderness Heritage Corridor Program report "The Hudson River Runs Through It", and NY DEC






















































































































































| Home Page |   Tour the ParkArticles |   Concierge  |  History Tall TalesBulletin | Advertise with us | E-mail |  We appreciate reciprocal links!


 *  DISCLOSURE:   "In and Around the Adirondack Park" is not affiliated with any of the above businesses, organizations or events, nor can we  vouch for the quality,  and is NOT responsible for the actions  of the above parties.  This is brought as a public service message only.   We publish your works (professional or amateur free).